Bismillahi ar-rahman ar-rahim

Personal pronouns in Arabic are important to learn as they expand what we can say and understand. Learning these will help you understand the attached pronouns which is a feature not found in English, but there is a similarity between the personal detached pronouns and the attached pronouns

If you are finding the Arabic Grammar Lesson 5 exercise hard to understand, then first learn these pronouns and go back to that exercise.

Singular Pronoun Transliteration English (person) Plural Pronoun Transliteration English (person)
أَنَا ana I نَحْنُ nahnu We
أَنْتَ anta You (masc.) أَنْتُمْ antum You (masc.)
أَنْتِ anti You (fem.) أَنْتُنَّ antunna You (fem.)
هُوَ huwa He, it هُمْ hum They (masc.)
هِيَ hiya She, it, they هُنَّ hunna They (fem.)

An important note about the pronoun هُمْ is that it can be used for a mixed group of men and women, as well as an all-male group, whereas هُنَّ can only be used for an all-female group. The same is true for أَنْتُمْ which can used for a mixed group, but أَنْتُنَّ can only be used for an all-female group.

Exercise 6

Translate the following to English. Numbers in square brackets is the Quranic verse reference for that phrase/sentence.

1) هُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ [16:97]
2) هِيَ ظَالِمَةٌ [11:102]
3) أَنا اللهُ الْعَزِيزُ [27:9]
4) أَنْتَ نَذِيرٌ [11:12]
5) أَنْتُمْ جَاهِلُونَ [12:89]

Answers for these can be found here.

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