Bismillahi ar-rahman ar-rahim
Personal pronouns in Arabic are important to learn as they expand what we can say and understand. Learning these will help you understand the attached pronouns which is a feature not found in English, but there is a similarity between the personal detached pronouns and the attached pronouns
If you are finding the Arabic Grammar Lesson 5 exercise hard to understand, then first learn these pronouns and go back to that exercise.
|Singular Pronoun||Transliteration||English (person)||Plural Pronoun||Transliteration||English (person)|
|أَنْتَ||anta||You (masc.)||أَنْتُمْ||antum||You (masc.)|
|أَنْتِ||anti||You (fem.)||أَنْتُنَّ||antunna||You (fem.)|
|هُوَ||huwa||He, it||هُمْ||hum||They (masc.)|
|هِيَ||hiya||She, it, they||هُنَّ||hunna||They (fem.)|
An important note about the pronoun هُمْ is that it can be used for a mixed group of men and women, as well as an all-male group, whereas هُنَّ can only be used for an all-female group. The same is true for أَنْتُمْ which can used for a mixed group, but أَنْتُنَّ can only be used for an all-female group.
Translate the following to English. Numbers in square brackets is the Quranic verse reference for that phrase/sentence.
1) هُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ [16:97]
2) هِيَ ظَالِمَةٌ [11:102]
3) أَنا اللهُ الْعَزِيزُ [27:9]
4) أَنْتَ نَذِيرٌ [11:12]
5) أَنْتُمْ جَاهِلُونَ [12:89]
Answers for these can be found here.